Question: What Is Cd In Chemistry?

cadmium (Cd), chemical element, a metal of Group 12 (IIb, or zinc group) of the periodic table.

What is CD in elements?

Cadmium is a chemical element with the symbol Cd and atomic number 48. This soft, silvery-white metal is chemically similar to the two other stable metals in group 12, zinc and mercury.

What is cadmium used for?

Common industrial uses for cadmium today are in batteries, alloys, coatings (electroplating), solar cells, plastic stabilizers, and pigments. Cadmium is also used in nuclear reactors where it acts as a neutron absorber.

What is CD 109 used for?

One isotope of cadmium, cadmium-109, is sometimes used to analyze metal alloys. It provides a way of keeping track of the alloys in stock and sorting different forms of scrap metal from each other.

Is CD a transition elements?

The elements such as Zn, Cd, and Hg are not transition elements because of their electronic configuration. The orbitals of these elements are completely filled when they are in their ground state as well as in their general oxidation state. Therefore, these elements are not transition elements.

What is the Colour of CDs?

Cadmium sulfide is a chemical compound that has the formula CdS. It is yellow in color and is a semiconductor of electricity. It exists as two different polymorphs, hexagonal greenockite and cubic hawleyite.

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What is the atomic mass of CD?

Cadmium atoms have 48 electrons and the shell structure is 2.8. 18.18. 2.

Which disease is caused by cadmium?

Itai-itai disease is caused by cadmium (Cd) exposure, produced as a result of human activities related to industrialisation, and this condition was first recognised in Japan in the 1960s. Itai-itai disease is characterised by osteomalaecia with severe bone pain and is associated with renal tubular dysfunction.

Where is cadmium commonly found?

It is most often found in small quantities in zinc ores, such as sphalerite (ZnS). Cadmium mineral deposits are found in Colorado, Illinois, Missouri, Washington and Utah, as well as Bolivia, Guatemala, Hungary and Kazakhstan. However, almost all cadmium in use is a by-product of treating zinc, copper and lead ores.

How Does cadmium get into the body?

Cadmium can enter the body from smoking tobacco, eating and drinking food and water containing cadmium, and inhaling it from the air. People living near sources of cadmium or cadmium-related industries may be exposed in all these ways. The skin does not easily absorb cadmium.

What is the symbol of iron?

Silver is a chemical element with the symbol Ag (from the Latin argentum, derived from the Proto-Indo-European h₂erǵ: “shiny” or “white”) and atomic number 47.

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